Energy generation and planning of operations are significantly affected by meteorological conditions. Against the backdrop of climate change, both energy supply and demand are increasingly exposed to the effects of weather and climate fluctuations. By taking into account weather and climate information, energy systems can considerably improve their resilience to weather extremes and climate variability. Energy resources can also be utilized in a more effective way, enhancing the sustainability of the society on the whole.
As part of its climate services, the Observatory produces climate forecasts for several months ahead, providing useful information to many sectors. The Hongkong Electric Company, Limited (HK Electric) made use of temperature forecasts for six months ahead generated by the Observatory, and incorporated the information into their model for predicting electricity consumption. It was found that the temperature information could reduce the error of the electricity consumption forecast significantly.
The results of the study were presented at the 33rd Guangdong - Hong Kong - Macao Seminar on Meteorological Science and Technology. The report of the study can be found here.