Suggested safety rules during and after the earthquake are as follows:
During the earthquake:
- Do not panic, keep calm.
- Douse all fires.
- If the earthquake catches you indoors, stay indoors. Take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture. Stay away from glass, or loose hanging objects.
- If you are outside, move away from buildings, steep slopes and utility wires.
- If you are in a crowded place, do not rush for cover or to doorways.
- If you are in a moving vehicle, stop as quickly as safety permits, but stay in the vehicle until the shaking stops.
- If you are in a lift, get out of the lift as quickly as possible.
- If you are in a tunnel, move out of the tunnel to the open as quickly as safety permits.
After the earthquake:
- Check for casualties and seek assistance if needed.
- If you suspect a gas leak, open windows and shut off the main valve. Leave the building and report the gas leaks. Do not light a fire or use the telephone at the site.
- Turn off the main valve if water supply is damaged.
- Do not use the telephone except to report an emergency or to obtain assistance.
- Stay out of severely damaged buildings as aftershocks may cause them to collapse. Report any building damage to the authorities.
- As a precaution against tsunamis, stay away from shores, beaches and low-lying coastal areas. If you are there, move inland or to higher grounds. The upper floors of high, multi-storey, reinforced concrete building can provide safe refuge if there is no time to quickly move inland or to higher grounds.