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Climate Change in Hong Kong - Tropical Cyclones

Climate Change in Hong Kong

Tropical Cyclones


Modulated by El Niño-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) and Pacific Decadal Oscillation (PDO), there are strong inter-annual and inter-decadal variations in the tropical cyclone activity in the South China Sea. Regarding tropical cyclones affecting Hong Kong, analysis of the Hong Kong Observatory tropical cyclone records shows that there is a long-term decreasing trend in the number of tropical cyclones entering the 500 km range of Hong Kong, but the trend is not statistically significant at 5% level. Moreover, there is no significant trend in the number of tropical cyclones landing within 300 km of Hong Kong.

Annual number of tropical cyclones entering the 500 km range of Hong Kong from 1961 to 2019

Annual number of tropical cyclones (including tropical depressions)
entering the 500 km range of Hong Kong from 1961 to 2019
(based on the Hong Kong Observatory tropical cyclone database).



Annual number of tropical cyclones landing within 300 km of Hong Kong from 1961 to 2019

Annual number of tropical cyclones (including tropical depressions)
landing within 300 km of Hong Kong from 1961 to 2019
(based on the Hong Kong Observatory tropical cyclone database).