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Melting Arctic land ice is now pouring 14,000 tons of water per second into the ocean.
New study reveals hidden links and potential domino effects between tipping points in climate, ecosystems and societies.
The melting Greenland Ice Sheet releases tons of methane into the atmosphere.
HKU study finds that ocean circulation in the North Atlantic is at its weakest since the past 1,500 years.
The melt rate of the Greenland Ice Sheet is the fastest in the last three and a half centuries.
Red tides and other toxic species expanding across the Arctic, increasing risks to marine mammals and humans.
Less than 1 percent of Arctic sea ice has survived four or more summers.
Arctic warming twice as fast as global average.
Overall abundance of reindeer and caribou in the Arctic has declined 56 percent over the past two decades.
Arctic average surface temperature for Oct 2017 - Sep 2018 was the second highest on record.
Health benefits far outweigh the costs of meeting the goals of the Paris Agreement.
Societies face a much larger threat from climate change than previous studies suggested.
Human-induced climate change has made thirty times of the 2018 record-breaking UK summer temperatures.
The recent increase in fire frequency and size in the western U.S. is likely related to the rise of global temperatures.
Fossil fuel-driven particulate air pollution cuts global average life expectancy by 1.8 years per person.
Extreme weather is turning the Arctic brown, reducing the ability of Arctic ecosystems to combat climate change.
Global carbon dioxide emissions are set to hit an all-time high in 2018.
The Lancet: Compounded and overwhelming impacts on public health are expected if temperatures continue to rise.
Emissions Gap Report 2018: The original mitigation ambitions would need to increase fivefold if we want to limit global warming to 1.5°C.
World Meteorological Organization: past 4 years warmest on record
The U.S. could mitigate a fifth of its carbon emissions through natural solutions.
Climate change impacts health, water resources, agriculture, ecosystems, infrastructure, economy, etc.
Climate change making hurricanes windier and wetter.
Global warming reaching the deep Southern Ocean.
Atmospheric greenhouse gas concentrations reach record high.
Ocean acidification stimulates mass development of toxic algae.
Arctic sea ice extent for October 2018 is the third lowest in the satellite record for the month.
October 2018 was the second warmest October on record.
Under the business-as-usual carbon emission scenario, a roughly 50% increase in the incidence of atmospheric conditions favouring a slow, broadly meandering jet stream and stalled weather extremes is expected.
Up to 87% of the global wetland resource has been lost since 1700. We lose wetlands three time faster than natural forests.
Land area in Hawai‘i vulnerable to future sea level rise may be double previous estimates.
The Vavilov Ice Cap in the Russian High Arctic has dramatically accelerated, advancing at 5-10 metres per day into the ocean.
Implementation of the Paris Agreement critical to avoid large increase in temperature-related deaths.
Global warming is costing U.S. economy about $250 billion per year.
Blocking sunlight to cool Earth won’t reduce crop damage from global warming.
The vast mangroves of the Amazon store twice as much carbon per hectare as the region’s tropical forests.
Most land-based ecosystems worldwide risk ‘major transformation’ due to climate change.
Climate change is projected to boost insect activity and crop loss. Worldwide losses of rice, corn and wheat by 10-25 percent are projected for each degree Celsius rise of global mean surface temperature.
Climate projections for California for end 21st century: Annual maximum daily temperature to rise by 5.6°F-8.8°F; 77% increase in area burned by wildfire; 31% to 67% of Southern California beaches may erode.
As carbon dioxide levels climb, millions at risk of nutritional deficiencies.
Impacts of El Nino and La Nina to intensify as climate warms.
Species-rich forest ecosystems can take up and store more carbon dioxide.
Abrupt thawing of permafrost increases the release of carbon stored in the soil by more than 120% compared to gradual thawing.
Accelerated warming in the Arctic might have profound impacts on mid-latitude weather.
If the average global temperature rises to a 1.5 °C warming level, a sixteen-fold increase in days during which marine heatwaves occur can be expected.
Average temperature of Earth’s atmosphere and oceans to rise significantly over next five years.
Due to an increase in extreme sea levels driven by global warming, these coastal floods could impact up to 3.65 million people every year in Europe by 2100.
Sea-level rises could increase risk for more devastating tsunamis worldwide.
Unprecedented 3 years of global coral bleaching, 2014–2017.
Methane uptake from forest soils dropped by around 77% in the past three decades.
Even if the goals of Paris Agreement are met, there is still a long-term risk of global average temperature 4-5°C higher than pre-industrial levels with sea level 10-60 m higher than today.
Australia facing increased intense rain storms.
Toxicity from warming oceans may put fisheries at risk.
Ever-increasing CO2 levels could take western Europe and New Zealand back to the tropical climate of around 50 million years ago.
China could face deadly heat waves due to climate change.
Heatwave deaths to rise as Earth warms.
Carbon uptake by the oceans in 2017 was 36% above average.
Ten of the lowest sea ice extent minima on record have occurred in the last 11 years.
The average Arctic land surface temperature in 2017 was the second highest on record.
2017 was the 38th consecutive year of overall mountain glacier retreat across the globe.
ECMWF: July 2018 was the third warmest July on record
The global mean sea level in 2017 was the highest in the satellite record.
NOAA : Highest CO2 concentration on record
Drought and heat exacerbate wildfires.
Cost of flood losses in Canada's maritime region could increase by up to 300 per cent.
Warming temperatures could increase suicide rates across the United States and Mexico.
Total number of trees has plummeted by roughly 46 percent since the start of human civilization.
Population declines of mammals and birds linked to rapid warming of climate.
Ocean acidification to hit levels not seen in 14 million years.
Human influences significantly impact the seasonal cycle.
Lethal consequences: Climate change impacts on the Great Barrier Reef
Future global warming may eventually be twice as warm as projected by climate models and sea levels may rise six metres or more even if the world meets the 2°C target.
Carbon dioxide emissions from human activities must approach zero within several decades to avoid risking grave damage from the effects of climate change.
Carbon taxes can be an effective way to curb emissions of greenhouse gases.
Achieving Paris Goals key to survival of coral reefs.
Carbon budgets for 1.5 and 2°C targets lowered by natural wetland and permafrost feedbacks.
July sees extreme precipitation and heat.
In a business-as-usual scenario, rising sea levels could cost the world US$14 trillion a year.
Unprecedented summer heat in Europe ‘every other year’ under 1.5C of warming.
More climate action in industry, transport and building sectors needed to meet Paris Agreement's targets.
To achieve the 2°C target of the Paris Agreement, the investments in low carbon energy and energy efficiency will need to exceed the investment in fossil fuels by US$ 320 billion by 2030.
Mathematical experiments show that the economic profit maximizing approach has the greatest likelihood of producing outcomes that harm people or the environment.
Climate change to overtake land use as major threat to global biodiversity.
The bedrock below the West Antarctic Ice Sheet is rising surprisingly fast, implying that up to 10 percent more ice has melted off than previously assumed.
Global warming is the main cause of marine oxygen loss.
Hundreds of thousands of homes are at risk of chronic flooding due to sea level rise over the coming decades.
Ice losses from Antarctica have tripled since 2012, accelerating global sea level rise.
Food decisions can reduce greenhouse gas emissions.
Sea ice loss and wave action trigger rapid ice shelf disintegrations in the Antarctic.
Coral reefs losing ability to keep pace with sea-level rise.
May 2018 marks the 401st consecutive month with temperatures above the 20th century average for the globe.
Antarctic sea ice extent for May 2018 was the third lowest in the satellite record for the month.
Decisions made in the next decade will determine whether Antarctica suffers dramatic changes that contribute to a metre of global sea level rise.
As global temperatures rise, the surge in heat-related deaths outweighs any decrease in cold-related deaths.
Warmer climate will dramatically increase the volatility of global corn crops.
Economic models significantly underestimate climate change risks.
Demand for fossil fuels will decline in the near future with major macroeconomic and geopolitical consequences.
Coastal communities of the US saw record number of high tide flooding days last year.
Tropical cyclones have slowed, increasing rainfall and flooding impacts.
Arctic sea ice extent for May 2018 was the second lowest in the satellite record for the month.