Skip to main content
Hong Kong Observatory Brand Hong Kong - Asia's world city
GovHK Traditional Chinese Simplified Chinese Search
Search Site Map Contact Us
Print Version
Back
Print Version PDF Version

Heavy Rain and hail on March 30, 2014

The warm and humid airstream associated with a trough of low pressure over the coast of Guangdong converged with a cooler easterly airstream near the Pearl River Estuary last evening (30 March 2014), bringing squally thunderstorms, hail, heavy rain and high winds to Hong Kong. The Hong Kong Observatory issued the Red and Black Rainstorm Warning Signals at 8:15 pm and 8:40 pm respectively, which were the earliest Red and Black Rainstorm Warning Signals in a year since the Rainstorm Warning System commenced in 1992.

Between 9 pm and 10 pm yesterday (30 March 2014), 56 millimetres of rainfall were recorded at the Hong Kong Observatory. This was the highest hourly rainfall on record (Note 1) for the Hong Kong Observatory for March. Over a space of 3 to 4 hours, more than 100 millimetres of rainfall were recorded over widespread areas in Kowloon and the New Territories. Rainfall even exceeded 150 millimetres over Yuen Long, Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan and Sha Tin (Figure 1). Based on the past record for March, more than 100 millimetres of rainfall registered in a day over the Hong Kong Observatory occurred only 4 times since 1884 (Table 1). For the whole year, daily rainfall exceeding 100 millimetres was recorded about four days in a year on average (Note 2).

There were also hail reports in many parts of the territory (Figure 2). Most of them reported hail with a size of about 20 to 30 millimetres. According to past records, hailstones with size of up to about 100 millimetres were reported in Hong Kong on 19 March 1981.

The aforementioned trough of low pressure over the coast of Guangdong is expected to linger around for a couple of days and the weather will remain unsettled in the region. 

(Note 1) Based on hourly data ending on the hour. 
(Note 2) Based on climatological data between 1981 and 2010. 
       

Rank

Date of record (year/month/day)

Daily rainfall (mm) 

1

2002/03/23

130.0

2

1987/03/17

126.4

3

1992/03/03

121.9

4

2014/03/30

103.1

5

1983/03/27

98.6

Table 1   The 5 highest daily rainfall in March recorded at the Observatory's Headquarter
(since 1884, excluding 1940 -1946)

 

Figure 1

Figure 1: Rainfall exceeded 150 millimetres over Yuen Long, Tuen Mun, Tsuen Wan and Sha Tin.

    

Figure 2

Figure 2: There were hail reports in many parts in Hong Kong.

Last revision date: <24 Jun 2014>