In the past month, sea surface temperatures of the central and eastern equatorial Pacific remained within the normal range. Based on the latest oceanic observations as well as forecasts by a number of climate models around the world, sea surface temperatures over the region are expected to rise and the development of El Niño is likely to start in the next couple of months.
(Source: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, USA)
Figure 1 Sea surface temperature anomalies of 16 September – 13 October 2018 in degree Celsius.
||The next update will be available in the latter half of November 2018.