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TYPHOONS WHICH REQUIRED THE HURRICANE SIGNAL NO. 10 SINCE 1946

Name of typhoon
Nearest approach to the
Hong Kong Observatory
Minimum M.S.L.
pressure (hPa)
Maximum intensity of the typhoon during the period of tropical cyclone warning signal no. 8 or above
Date/Month
Year
Direction
Distance
(km)
Hourly
Inst.
Category
Maximum sustained winds near the centre (km/hr)
Minimum mean sea level pressure near the centre (hPa)
-
18/7
1946
S
70
985.7
-
&
&
&
Gloria
22/9
1957
SW
55
986.2
984.3
Severe T
155
980
Mary
9/6
1960
WNW
10
974.3
973.8
T
140
970
Alice
19/5
1961
-
0
981.6
981.1
T
120
980
Wanda
1/9
1962
SSW
20
955.1
953.2
Super T
185
950
Ruby
5/9
1964
SW
30
971.0
968.2
Super T
195
960
Dot
13/10
1964
E
35
978.9
977.3
T
145
975
Shirley
21/8
1968
-
0
968.7
968.6
T
145
965
Rose
17/8
1971
WSW
20
984.5
982.8
Super T
185
960
Elsie
14/10
1975
S
50
996.4
996.2
T
140
985
Hope
2/8
1979
NNW
10
961.8
961.6
Super T
205
940
Ellen
9/9
1983
SW
45
983.9
983.1
Severe T
165
960
York
16/9
1999
SSW
20
976.8
976.1
T
130
965
Vicente
24/7
2012
SW
100
986.3
986.0
Severe T
155
950
Hato
23/8
2017
SSW
60
986.7
986.3
Super T
185
950
Mangkhut+
16/9
2018
SSW
100
977.6
977.0
Super T
195
940
Name of
typhoon
Maximum 60-min mean wind in points and km/h
Hong Kong
Observatory
King's
Park
Kai Tak
Airport#
Waglan
Island
Cheung
Chau
Tate's
Cairn
Green
Island
-
NE
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Gloria
ESE
115
-
ESE
72
E
113
-
-
-
Mary
SSE
96
-
SSE
92
SSW
112
-
-
-
Alice
ENE
83
-
E
70
ESE
90
ENE
76
-
-
Wanda
N
133
-
N
108
NW
148
NW
118
SE
189
-
Ruby
E
110
-
N
118
ENE
148
NE
113
ESE
167
-
Dot
NNW
88
-
N
67
N
117
NNW
96
NNE
157
-
Shirley
N
68
-
N
75
NNE
124
SSW
90
NNE
126
-
Rose
SE
103
-
SE
122
ESE
140
SE
131
S
148
-
Elsie
ENE
58
N
75
NNW
67
NNE
118
N
106
NE
130
NNW
118
Hope
W
75
WNW
79
W
115
SW
144
SSW
117
NW
115
W
108
Ellen
E
92
E
88
E
112
ESE
169
ESE
171
E
126
S
137
York
E
63
N
68
NNE
59
NNE
153
NNE
113
-
-
Vicente
E
56
ESE
56
ESE
70
E
108
ESE
128
E
117
NE
92
Hato
E
62
ESE
54
ESE
67
E
137
ESE
128
ENE
118
-
Mangkhut+
E
81
E
70
ESE
81
NE
161
E
157
ENE
166
NE
128
Name of
typhoon
Maximum gust peak speed in km/h with direction in points
Hong Kong
Observatory
King's
Park
Kai Tak
Airport#
Waglan
Island
Cheung
Chau
Tate's
Cairn
Green
Island
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
Gloria
E
187
-
ENE
158
ENE
185
-
-
-
Mary
SSE
191
-
SE
164
SSW
194
-
-
-
Alice
E
166
-
ENE
139
SW
128
ENE
135
-
-
Wanda
N
259
-
N
229
NNW
216
NW
232
ESE
284
-
Ruby
NNE
227
-
NW
203
E
230
NNE
216
E
268
-
Dot
N
175
-
N
198
N
184
WNW
205
NE
220
-
Shirley
N
133
-
N
151
NE
209
SSW
167
NNE
203
-
Rose
ESE
224
-
ESE
211
ESE
189
SE
194
S
221
-
Elsie
NE
140
N
137
N
140
ENE
176
NE
158
NNE
180
NE
167
Hope
W
175
WNW
166
WNW
182
SW
198
WSW
185
WNW
229
W
167
Ellen
E
185
E
167
E
203
E
227
SSE
238
ENE
218
S
220*
York
E
137
NNE
149
ENE
142
NNE
234
NE
182
-
-
Vicente
ESE
117
ESE
110
E
135
ESE
149
E
184
ESE
166
NE
155
Hato
E
122
ESE
113
NE
130
E
193
SE
171
NE
187
-
Mangkhut+
E
169
NNE
161
ENE
142
NE
220
E
212
ENE
256
NNE
229

 & No intensity data

# With the moving of the Hong Kong International Airport to Chek Lap Kok, the meteorological office at Kai Tak was closed on 6 July 1998.  Kai Tak anemometer station started operation on 4 September 1998.

* Estimated, exceeding upper limit of anemogram.

+ Only minimum quality check have been applied for data of Mangkhut.
Last revision date: <28 Sep 2018>