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Twilight

What is twilight?

     The duration of civil twilight is the interval in the evening from sunset until the time when the centre of the Sun is 6 degrees below the horizon or the corresponding interval in the morning from the time when the centre of the Sun is 6 degrees below horizon until sunrise.

     The durations of nautical twilight and astronomical twilight are, respectively, the intervals between sunrise or sunset and the times at which the centre of the Sun is 12 and 18 degrees below the horizon.

    It is difficult to give precise statements on the degree of illumination at varying angles of depression of the Sun, and in any case, such illumination is dependent upon other causes such as moonlight and weather conditions. It will be found, in general that civil twilight marks the time when ordinary outdoor operations are difficult without artificial light, although there will be still ample light to make possible large scale operations, requiring outline only.

     The brightest planets and stars (first magnitude) will be visible to the eye. The limits of astronomical twilight are times at which complete darkness save moonlight and starlight, begins in the evening and ends in the morning.

     Nautical twilight represents an intermediate state of illumination when the general outline will still be visible, although the horizon probably cannot be distinguished. All detailed operations are impossible and all brighter stars can be seen.

 

Duration of Twilight in Hong Kong
(before sunrise and after sunset)

Date Civil
Twilight

(min)
Nautical
Twilight

(min)
Astronomical
Twilight

(min)
Jan 1
10
20
24
24
24
52
52
51
80
79
78
Feb 1
10
20
23
23
23
50
50
49
77
76
75
Mar 1
10
20
23
22
22
49
48
48
74
74
75
Apr 1
10
20
22
23
23
49
49
50
75
76
77
May 1
10
20
23
24
24
51
52
53
79
81
83
Jun 1
10
20
25
25
25
54
55
55
85
86
86
Jul 1
10
20
25
25
24
55
54
54
86
85
84
Aug 1
10
20
24
24
23
52
51
50
82
80
78
Sep 1
10
20
23
23
22
49
49
48
76
75
75
Oct 1
10
20
22
22
23
48
48
49
74
74
75
Nov 1
10
20
23
23
24
50
50
51
76
77
78
Dec 1
10
20
24
24
24
52
52
52
79
80
80
Last revision date: <18 Dec 2012>